Māhele Award Book Survey, Helu 748 of Kalauhala

Parcel 1, A mooaina, Panahaha, Ili of Kaaumakua, Honouliuli, E. O.; Parcel 2, A house lot on the kula of Panahaha, ili of Kaaumakua, Honouliuli, E. O. There being a total of 1 acre, 2.94 chains in these two parcels. Source: Māhele Award Book 2:135.


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Claimant: Kalauhala

Location: Ili of Panahana

Recorded at: Honouliuli 

Date: Sept. 19, 1847 

Status: Awarded; Royal Patent 6825


Native Register To the Honorable Commissioners who Quiet Land Claims, of the 

Hawaiian Islands. Greetings to you. I hereby tell you of my claims. This land is 

there at Panahaha, in Honouliuli. Here are its boundaries: towards the North, the 

Kahawai of Makaii; towards the East, the loko of Panahaha; towards the South, the 

land of Mokumeha; towards the West, the land of Pio. Kawaa gave it to me.1

Native Testimony Mokumakuaole sworn and stated: I know the place of Kalauhala 

at Honouliuli, Ewa, Oahu, a land area and a house site. The boundaries are: mauka, 

an overgrown area (aina nahelehele); towards Ewa, a stream; makai, the loko ia (fish 

pond) of Panahaha; towards Waianae, an overgrown area. Gotten by Kalauhala from 

Kawahaea in the year 1837, and he has lived there to this time. He was opposed 

by Kealiiahonui before, and it was tried before Hooliliamanu in favor of Kalauhala 

in the year 1844. There are two loi and a house lot with one house there. It is not 

enclosed with a wall. The one the Kawahaea received it from was Kahakai. 

Kawahaea sworn and stated: I know this place just the same as Mokumakuaole 

has stated, but I have no claim there, the role as konohiki is finished.2


Foreign Testimony Mokumakuaole sworn. I know this place, it is in Honouliuli in 

district of Ewa. Consisting of House lot and Kalo in one place. Bounded mauka by 

bulrush lands; by Ewa Stream on Honolulu side; makai by a pond called Panahaha; 

Waianae by bulrush land. 

Claimant got his land from Kawahaea in 1837, and has held if from that time to 

the present. The right was disputed to this place in 1844 by Kealiiahonui who took 

away what part of it he pleased. Kalauhala appealed to the Lunaauhau (Tax assessor) 

and it was tried before him & recovered by ordering it back to Claimant who has 

held it undisturbed ever since. There is one house belonging to Claimant. Kawahaea 

received the place from Kahakai. 

Kawahaea. I gave the land to Claimant and make no further claim upon it. The 

testimony given about bounds and every other particular is true.3

1Book 2, p. 408, Sept. 19, 1847.

2Book 2, p. 577, March 20, 1848.

3Book 2, p. 241–242, March 20, 1848.

The native tenant land claims from the Native Register for lands in Honouliuli can be found here. The claim number or helu is given, followed by the name of the claimant, and the name of the land area. The Native Register contains the claims submitted by the person who occupies the land. This includes a description of the location of the land, as well as what has been developed on the land—houses, taro patches, gardens, etc. The native testimony and foreign testimony contain statements from residents in the area which verify the statements of the claimant made in the Native Register. A few of the claims were not awarded. Click the Category link for Land Commission Award below to see the claims for Honouliuli.

The accompanying images are of two kinds. The first kind is the notes of survey which formed the records of the Mahele Award Books. They include metes and bounds and plot plans of the parcels surveyed for native tenants. The specific land names and parcels, plot plan maps, and, if provided, additional notes (e.g. names of people and places, or descriptions of features) which supplement the register and testimony volumes are cited.

The second kind of images included are the Royal Patents issued on Mahele Aina Awards. Upon agreement of the land areas to be awarded, surveys were conducted and recorded. The king issued Royal Patents in confirmation of the land areas to awardees. The original documents are presented. The figure captions include the royal patent number (Palapala Sila Nui Helu), the LCA number (Kuleana Helu), the awardee, land area and description, date, signatory parties, and source. The documents are not transcribed, but may be read from the original patents. In some instances, additional place names which were not identified in the earlier records were also cited in the claims; those place names are cited in the land description from each patent. Click the Category link for Royal Patent to see those issued for Honouliuli.

The notes of survey and Royal Patent associated with a Land Commission Award can be navigated to through links under Related Images on each Land Commission Award page.

The Hoakalei Cultural Foundation (HCF) seeks to provide the public with access to the rich history of Honouliuli Ahupuaa—bringing traditional and historical documentation that has time depth, and that is factual, to the attention of all who care for this land. The research is being conducted in a wide range of archival collections, and incorporates primary—first account—documentation from both Hawaiian- and English-language resources.

As a part of that research, Kepa Maly and Onaona Pomroy Maly completed a review of all the original land title records of the Hawaiian Kingdom recorded during the Mahele Aina (Land Division) between the years 1847 and 1855. For the first time, all of the Mahele records have been compiled in one collection, and the original Hawaiian-language documents of the Native Register and Testimony collections were translated by Kepa Maly for this program. This work was conducted over a five-week period between July and August 2012. The results provide readers with significant documentation coming from those who lived on and knew the land in a traditional manner. The Mahele documents describe land use, residency, and the practices of the families of Honouliuli and its smaller land subdivisions. With this information, we are able better to understand the history and cultural landscape of Honouliuli. While much has changed in the last 170 years, the spirit of place, the named places, and lives of those who came before us are still present on the land. Their history adds value to our own lives and community.

All told, 436 Mahele documents were found for Honouliuli; no additional Mahele claims for Honouliuli are known to exist. This total can be broken down, as follows:

105 Native Register (NR) Claim records registered by 99 native tenants;
80 Native Testimony (NT) Claim records;
99 Foreign Testimony (FT) records;
77  Mahele Award Book records; and
75  Palapala Sila Nui (Royal Patent) records.

Of the 106 native tenant claims and one chiefly claim identified from Honouliuli, 74 were awarded to the claimants or their heirs and 33 were denied.

In compiling this collection of historical land and family records from Honouliuli, we have attempted to ensure the accuracy of all citations. The original records though, are challenging. Being all handwritten, the writing is at times illegible. At other times spelling of personal and land area names vary from one record to another. We have done our best to compare the various records and maintain the highest accuracy possible. The records are organized by Helu—the original numerical sequence assigned at the time of recording the information. Also, certain important classes of information such as place names, personal names, subsistence practices, types of features, and cultural and natural resources are called out in tables and summary form for easy access to the historical information.