Registered Maps with Details of Honouliuli and the Larger ‘Ewa Region

No. Area Case No. Surveyor Year Notes
77 Puuloa. Ewa Oahu 17-15 J. Metcalf ca. 1850  
322 West Loch Peninsula-Pearl River, Ewa, Oahu (with por. of Honouliuli) 29- J. M. Lydgate 1873 See Field Book No. 191
405 Map of Honouliuli (and neighboring lands). Ewa, Oahu 1-13 W. D. Alexander 1873  
437 South Coast of Oahu 13-25 C. R. Malden 1825 Tracing, with notes to 1857. Detail of Honouliuli Ahupuaa.
445 Island of Oahu 15-39   1833  
567 Pearl Locks and Puuloa Entrance. Ewa, Oahu 2-47 C. J. Lyons 1873 With portion of Honouliuli.
618 Ahupuaa of Honouliuli. Ewa, Oahu 1-13 W. D. Alexander 1873 Boundary Commission Cert. No. 4
630 Map of Honouliuli Taro Lands. Ewa, Oahu 1-13 M. D. Monsarrat 1878 tracing
640 South Coast of Oahu 13-25 C. R. Malden 1825 Tracing, with notes/additions to 1857. Detail of Honouliuli Ahupuaa. Original Map No. 437.
835 Honouliuli Fishery. Ewa, Oahu 19-23 M. D. Monsarrat 1878  
896 Coast of Puuloa-Honouliuli, Ewa, Oahu 19-24 M. D. Monsarrat 1881  
1612 Pearl River (Honouliuli to Diamond Head), Oahu 12-20-a W. F. Thrum 1892  
1639 Pearl River (Puuloa Region). Ewa, Oahu 2-18 C. J. Lyons   Duplicate  copy;   1874  to 1892.
1739 Pearl Harbor & Ewa (Honouliuli), Oahu 1-12 S. M. Kanakanui Oct. 7, 1895 Survey of 1894, 2 copies
1920 Bar & Entrance Pearl Harbor (with portion of coast line). Ewa, Oahu 2-47   1897 Bennington Survey (USGS).
2103 South Coast of Oahu. Pearl River and Lochs. Ewa, Oahu 2-18 Survey of 1897. U.S. Hydrographic Ofc.  August, 1899  
2335 Pearl Harbor (por. Honouliuli). Ewa, Oahu 2-18   Mar. 1905 USGS: No. 4107
2374 Island of Oahu (with Honouliuli). 2-91 J. M. Dunn June 20, 1906  
2426 Pearl Harbor Fisheries. Ewa, Oahu 2-47 M. D. Monsarrat Oct. 1907 Map not found
2848 Oahu Fisheries (Sheets 7 & 8 for Honouliuli fisheries) 2-77 to 2-88 M. D. Monsarrat 1909–1913  
L. C. App 1069 Honouliuli Taro Lands     Dec. 1922  


Related Maps

Related Documents

Following the Mahele Aina, there was a growing movement to fence off the land areas and  control  access  to  resources  that  native  tenants  had  traditionally used. In the 1860s, foreign landowners and business interests petitioned the Crown to have the boundaries of their respective lands—which became the foundation for plantation and ranching interests—settled. In 1862, the king appointed a Commission of Boundaries, a.k.a. the Boundary Commission, and tasked them with collecting traditional knowledge of place, land boundaries, customary practices, and deciding the most equitable boundaries for each ahupua‘a that had been awarded to alii, konohiki, and foreigners during the Mahele. The commission proceedings were conducted under the courts and as formal actions under law. As the commissioners on the various islands undertook their work, the kingdom hired or contracted surveyors to begin the surveys, and in 1874, the Commissioners of Boundaries were authorized to certify the boundaries for lands brought before them.1

Records from the Ewa District were recorded from 1868 to 1904, with the proceeding from Honouliuli being held between 1873 and 1874. The records include testimonies of elder kamaaina who were either recipients of kuleana in the Mahele, or who were the direct descendants of the original fee-simple title holders. The documentation includes the preliminary requests for establishing the boundaries; letters from the surveyors in the field; excerpts from surveyor’s field books (Register Books); the record of testimonies given by native residents of the lands; and the entire record of the Commission in certifying the boundaries of each ahupuaa cited. The resulting documentation offers descriptions of the land, extending from ocean fisheries to the mountain peaks; traditional and customary practices; land use; changes in the landscape witnessed over the informants’ lifetime; and various cultural features across the land.

The native witnesses usually spoke in Hawaiian, and in some instances, their testimony was translated into English and transcribed as the proceedings occurred. Other testimonies were transcribed in Hawaiian and remained untranslated, but have now been translated for inclusion in this study. Translations of the Hawaiian-language texts below were prepared by Kepa Maly.

The Boundary Commission proceedings documented many traditional place names and features along the boundaries of the ahupuaa, with locations extending from the sea—including fishponds and fisheries—to the mountain peaks. These names demonstrate Hawaiian familiarity with the resources, topography, sites, and features of the entire ahupuaa. Coulter observed that Hawaiians had place names for all manner of feature, ranging from “outstanding cliffs” to what he described as “trivial land marks” [6:10]. History tells us that named locations were significant in past times: “Names would not have been given to [or remembered if they were] mere worthless pieces of topography” [14:412].

In ancient times, named localities signified that a variety of uses and functions occurred:

•  triangulation points such as koa (land markers for fishing grounds and specific offshore fishing localities);
•  residences;
•  areas of planting;
•  water sources;
•  trails and trail-side resting places (oioina), such as a rock shelter or tree shaded spot;
•  heiau or other features of ceremonial importance;
•  may have been the source of a particular natural resource or any number of other features; or
•  the names may record a particular event or practice (e.g., use for burials, the making of koi or adzes, or designation as a fishery) that occurred in a given area.

As in the records of the Mahele, every place name cited in the Boundary Commission proceedings has been listed in the table below. A number of the place names remain in use on maps or among some residents, while others are no longer in use. Of particular note are several place names and their associated narratives which document wahi pana on the traditional landscape.

Place names cited in Honouliuli boundary proceedings
Apokaa Kolina Nanakuli
Auiole Kualakai Panau
Ekahanui Gulch Kupalii Papapuhi (Kapapapuhi)
Hanohano Lae o Halakahi Pili o Kahe (Pili o Kahi)
Homaikaia Lae o Kahuka Pohaku Palahalaha
Hoaeae Laeloa Pookela
Kahakai Laeokane (Kalaeokane) Pouhala
Kahapapa Lihue Puu Kuua
Kalanimua Manawahua Puuloa
Kapuna Manawaielelu Waieli (Kawaieli)
Kauela (Keoneula) Mauna Kapu Waikakalaua
Kaulu (Coneyville) Miki Waimanalo
Keahi Mookapu  

1W. D. Alexander in Thrum’s Hawaiian Annual, 1891:117–118.