Helu 747: The Claim of Nakai

Claimant: Nakai 
Location: ‘Ili of Niukee and Kailikahi 
Recorded at: Honouliuli 
Date: Sept. 16, 1847 
Status: Not awarded1

Native Register To the President and Honorable Commissioner who quiet land claims of the Hawaiian Islands. I hereby tell you of my land claims, Loi (taro pond fields), Kula mahi ai (dry land planting fields), Hale (house). These lands are there at Niukee, Honouliuli, Ewa, Island of Oahu. On the North is a pali. East is the house of Kaunahi and the Kai (fishery) of Kepoe. On the South is the Auwai of Kauwahine and the Loko of Nihola. On the West is the land of Keinohananui and the land of Kuahine. 

Here is my second claim. Here are its boundaries: towards the North, the land of Kuahine; towards the East, the land of Kaunahi; towards the South, the Loko o Nihola; towards the West, the land of Kuhemu. 

Here is my third claim. Here are its boundaries: towards the North, the land of Uia; towards the East, the land of Kaalauahi; towards the South, the land of Pio; towards the West, the land of Uia. These lands were given to me by Kuakahia in the time of Kaomi. 

Here are my houses. There at Kailikahi is the place where my houses stand. This land is there in Honouliuli, Island of Oahu. Here are the boundaries: towards the North, the pa Aina (Land Division Wall) of Honouliuli’ towards the East the house of Kuahine; towards the South, the pali of Kihewamakawalu; towards the West, the house of Kinolua. That is it.

Here is my claim for the kula mahi ai. These lands are at Kailikahi, in Honouliuli. Here are its boundaries: towards the North, Waikulu; towards the East, Kalakiki; towards the South, the Kahawaioku (stream); towards the West, the pali. It was given to me by Kaakau, an old woman. 

I am with appreciation, your obedient servant. Nakai X2

1Book 2, p. 406, Sept. 18, 1847. 

2See continuation of claim in Helu 1605 B. 

Related Documents

Claimant: Nakai
Location: Ili of Niukee, Kailikahi, Hakelo, Mahuna, Kenahupu, Kapaihi, Kalole, and Napupu
Recorded at: Honouliuli
Status: Awarded; Royal Patent 4179

Native Register [See Native Register Helu 747 for the original claim.]1

Native Testimony Nakai’s case.

Nakai came and swore that his application was correctly written out and entered in the commission office in Honolulu. Therefore it was agreed that his land testimony would be heard.

Kukahiko Sworn. I know his land, Hakelo is the first loi; Mahuna is the second loi; Napupu is the third loi. There are two small loi, Kenahupu that is the fourth. Kapaihi is the fifth, and Kalole is the sixth, in the ili land of Niukee; and a kula. 3 parcels.

Parcel 1. Mooaina, a kula with 5 loi as described above, Hakelo, Mahuna, Kenahupu, Kapaihi, Kalole and Napupu.

M. kula of Konohiki and Kihewamakawalu
H. House lot of Kaunahi
Mk. Puuone (dune-banked fishpond) of Nihola
W. Loi of Kapaihi to Kaunahi.

Parcel 2. I loi in the ili of Niukee.

M.  loko kalo (taro-fishpond) of Nihola
H. loko kalo of Niukee
Mk.  Pio’s loko kalo of Nihola
W. Auwai of Niukee.


M. Pa aina
H. House lot of Kaunahi and Manuwa
Mk. Pali of Kihewamakawalu
W.  house lot of Kamalae.

His land was from Kuakahia in the time of Poki. No one has opposed him.

Kamaeaea Sworn. His knowledge is the same as mine.2

Foreign Testimony Clt. appeared & made oath that his claim was duly made out by Maakuia & presented & his is therefore admitted to a hearing.

Kekukahiko sworn, says the land of Clt. is a moo aina in 3 pieces, & having 6 loi, one called Hakelo, another Mahuna, 2 small ones called Kenahupau, the 5th Kapaihi & the 6th Kalole & a kula in the ili Niukee, Honouliuli, Ewa, Oahu.

Apana 1 is bounded:

M. by the kula of Konohiki & the loko Kihewamakawalu
H. by the kahuahale of Kaunahi
Mk. by the loko Nihola
W. by the loi called Kapaiki of Kaunahi & a part of Kihewamakawalu

Apana 2, the loi Kalole, ili Niukee, Hon. E. O. and is bounded:

M. by the loko kalo, Nihola
H. by the loko kalo, Lokoeli
Mk. by the loko belonging to Pio
W. by the Auwai of Niukee

Apana 3, kahuahale in the ili of Niukee: It is bounded:

M. by paaina
H. by kahuahale of Kaunahi & Manua
Mk. by the pali Kihewamakawalu
W. by kahuahale of Kamaalae.

Clt. received his land from Kuakahia in the time of Boki & has held it in quiet until now.

Maeaea, sworn, confirms the testimony of Kekukahiko, and says it is his own.3

1Book 2, p. 406–407.

2Book 9, p. 277–278.

3Book 9, p. 131–132.

The native tenant land claims from the Native Register for lands in Honouliuli can be found here. The claim number or helu is given, followed by the name of the claimant, and the name of the land area. The Native Register contains the claims submitted by the person who occupies the land. This includes a description of the location of the land, as well as what has been developed on the land—houses, taro patches, gardens, etc. The native testimony and foreign testimony contain statements from residents in the area which verify the statements of the claimant made in the Native Register. A few of the claims were not awarded. Click the Category link for Land Commission Award below to see the claims for Honouliuli.

The accompanying images are of two kinds. The first kind is the notes of survey which formed the records of the Mahele Award Books. They include metes and bounds and plot plans of the parcels surveyed for native tenants. The specific land names and parcels, plot plan maps, and, if provided, additional notes (e.g. names of people and places, or descriptions of features) which supplement the register and testimony volumes are cited.

The second kind of images included are the Royal Patents issued on Mahele Aina Awards. Upon agreement of the land areas to be awarded, surveys were conducted and recorded. The king issued Royal Patents in confirmation of the land areas to awardees. The original documents are presented. The figure captions include the royal patent number (Palapala Sila Nui Helu), the LCA number (Kuleana Helu), the awardee, land area and description, date, signatory parties, and source. The documents are not transcribed, but may be read from the original patents. In some instances, additional place names which were not identified in the earlier records were also cited in the claims; those place names are cited in the land description from each patent. Click the Category link for Royal Patent to see those issued for Honouliuli.

The notes of survey and Royal Patent associated with a Land Commission Award can be navigated to through links under Related Images on each Land Commission Award page.

The Hoakalei Cultural Foundation (HCF) seeks to provide the public with access to the rich history of Honouliuli Ahupuaa—bringing traditional and historical documentation that has time depth, and that is factual, to the attention of all who care for this land. The research is being conducted in a wide range of archival collections, and incorporates primary—first account—documentation from both Hawaiian- and English-language resources.

As a part of that research, Kepa Maly and Onaona Pomroy Maly completed a review of all the original land title records of the Hawaiian Kingdom recorded during the Mahele Aina (Land Division) between the years 1847 and 1855. For the first time, all of the Mahele records have been compiled in one collection, and the original Hawaiian-language documents of the Native Register and Testimony collections were translated by Kepa Maly for this program. This work was conducted over a five-week period between July and August 2012. The results provide readers with significant documentation coming from those who lived on and knew the land in a traditional manner. The Mahele documents describe land use, residency, and the practices of the families of Honouliuli and its smaller land subdivisions. With this information, we are able better to understand the history and cultural landscape of Honouliuli. While much has changed in the last 170 years, the spirit of place, the named places, and lives of those who came before us are still present on the land. Their history adds value to our own lives and community.

All told, 436 Mahele documents were found for Honouliuli; no additional Mahele claims for Honouliuli are known to exist. This total can be broken down, as follows:

105 Native Register (NR) Claim records registered by 99 native tenants;
80 Native Testimony (NT) Claim records;
99 Foreign Testimony (FT) records;
77  Mahele Award Book records; and
75  Palapala Sila Nui (Royal Patent) records.

Of the 106 native tenant claims and one chiefly claim identified from Honouliuli, 74 were awarded to the claimants or their heirs and 33 were denied.

In compiling this collection of historical land and family records from Honouliuli, we have attempted to ensure the accuracy of all citations. The original records though, are challenging. Being all handwritten, the writing is at times illegible. At other times spelling of personal and land area names vary from one record to another. We have done our best to compare the various records and maintain the highest accuracy possible. The records are organized by Helu—the original numerical sequence assigned at the time of recording the information. Also, certain important classes of information such as place names, personal names, subsistence practices, types of features, and cultural and natural resources are called out in tables and summary form for easy access to the historical information.