Application of A. A. Haalelea

The following is from the records of the Boundary Commission. It is an application of A. A. Haalelea, who owns the ahupua‘a of Honouliuli, and it designates the boundaries of the ahupua‘a.

To the Honorable W. P. Kamakau

Commissioner Boundaries for the Island of Oahu, one of the Hawaiian Islands.

The undersigned applicant represents that she is the owner of the Ahupuaa called Honouliuli, situated in the District of Ewa, Island of Oahu aforesaid; that the same was awarded by name to Mikahela Kekauonohi, dec’d. by Land Commission Award No. 11216; – that the same has not been awarded by the Land Commission, patented or conveyed by Deed from the King by boundaries described in such award, patent or Deed; and therefore she respectfully requests that the boundaries of said Ahupuaa may be settled by Your Honorable Commission, and to that end makes this application to have the boundaries of said land decided and certified by you as Commissioner of Boundaries as aforesaid.

Pursuant to the statute, the Undersigned applicant represents that the name of the land is Honouliuli, in the District of Ewa, Island of Oahu, one of the Hawaiian Islands; that the following are the names of the adjoining lands, and the names of the owners of the same, so far as known to the undersigned applicant, to wit. “Waianae” – Crown Land; “Nanakuli” – Crown Land; “Pouhala,” owned by J. Robinson; “Waikakalaua” – Crown Land in possession of J. Robinson; “Hoaeae,” owned by J. Robinson; “Waikele,” owned by K. Komoikehuehu; “Waipio,” owned by Estate John Ii, deceased; “Halawa,” owned by Dowager Queen Emma.

That the undersigned applicant is unable to give a general description of the boundaries claimed, other than as to lands bordering on the Ahupuaa of Honouliuli, but intends to have filed with the Honorable Commission a full survey and plot of the said land upon which she intends to adduce proof as to the Boundaries of said land.

Very Respectfully
A. A. Haalelea

By her Attorney at Law,
R. H. Stanley

Honolulu, June 23, 18731

Below is a supplement to the application from R. H. Stanley, on behalf of Haalelea.

Honolulu, June 24th 1873
Hon. W. P. Kamakau
Commissioner of Boundaries for the Island of Oahu,
Hawaiian Islands,


Herewith please find under cover “Memoranda on the Boundaries of Honouliuli” as furnished by Mr. Alexander, Government Surveyor; which please annex as part and parcel of application delivered you yesterday.

So soon as the Survey now in progress is completed, full field notes together with a plot or map of the Boundaries of Honouliuli, as claimed, will be furnished.

I am, Very Respectfully
Your Obdt Svt.
R. H. Stanley
Attorney for Mrs. A. A. Haalelea
owner of the Ahupuaa of Honouliuli.

The memorandum below was filed with the above supplement on the same day, June 24, 1873. It describes the boundaries between Honouliuli and the adjacent lands.

Memoranda on the Boundary of Honouliuli.

1.    The boundary between this land and Hoaeae was first surveyed by J. Metcalf May 29, 1848, and the “Kula” of Hoaeae was awarded to L. Rees by this survey.

See Award 193, Volume 1, p. 536.

Starting from a stake at makai S.W. corner of Hoaeae at Kaulu, Metcalf’s survey runs as follows:

I.  – North 45° 30’ W. 54 chains – 54.20 in orig. field book – 13 3/12 feet to a point in the old road on mauka side of gulch near mauka N.W. corner of Namauu’s land.

(from a long stone in the wall at mauka N.W. angle of Namauu’s land, it is N. 72 1/2° W. 7.30 ch. to the above mentioned point in the old road)

II.  Thence N. 47° 15’ W. 42.90 ch. to a rock by the road called Pohaku Palahalala.

III.  Thence N. 29° 45’ W. 29.30 ch. to a stone marked × by the road.

IV.  Thence N. 31° 15’ W. 71 ch. to rock marked + by the road;

V.  Thence N. 33° 15’ W. 97.30 ch. to a large wiliwili tree;

VI.  Thence N. 44° 45’ W. 57.40 ch. to old Kukui tree;

VII.  Thence N. 29° 30’ W. 64.20 ch. to a pile of stones on North upper bank of Ekahanui gulch;

VIII.  Thence N. 32° 15’ E. 45.30 ch. along Lihue to a Kukui tree marked A in clump of Kukui trees;

IX.  Thence N. 36° 15’ E. 55.30 chains along Lihue to a large Kukui tree, marked B, at bottom ledge of Waikele gulch (Manawaielelu in field book) at mauka N.W. corner of Hoaeae.

2.   The boundary of Honouliuli next follows the line between it and the Ili of Pouhala in the Ahupuaa of Waikele or more particularly, that part of Pouhala which belonged to the heirs of Luluhiwalani, and now belongs to J. Robinson. This part of Pouhala was conveyed to them by Royal Patent 4486, by a survey made by J. H. Sleeper in March 1859. His survey was made independently of Metcalf’s survey of the adjoining land of Hoaeae, and I have not ascertained how well they agree. As near as I can ascertain the boundary between Pouhala and Lihue according to Sleeper’s survey would be as follows: –

(X. – N. 26 1/4° W. 4.07 ch.

XI. N. 24 1/4° W. 31.17 ch.

XII.) N. 25 1/4° W. 15.61 ch. to rock at the western corner of this Pouhala.

3.   Honouliuli next borders on a portion of Pouhala which belongs to his Majesty, being a Crown land. I know of no survey of it.

4.   The next land bordering on Honouliuli is Waikakalaua, a Crown Land. By an old survey made in 1846, the boundary between Waikakalaua and Lihue runs as follows, beginning at the corner of Pouhala: N. 30° W. 37 chains; N. 23° W. 24.35 ch.; N. 23 1/2° W. 27.87 ch. to corner of Waianae and Waikakalaua.

5.   The boundary of Waianae has been described by natural landmarks in a decision made by the Boundary Commissioner, W. P. Kamakau, Sept. 4, 1869.

6.    A survey was made of the land of Nanakuli which is a subdivision of Waianae bordering on Honouliuli by William Webster. Mr. Coney has a copy of his map.2

1Boundaries of the Ahupuaa of Honouliuli, Oahu, Boundary Commission Volume 1, p. 131–133.


Related Maps

Related Documents

Claimant: Mikahela Kekauonohi
Location: Ahupuaa of Honouliuli
Recorded at: Honouliuli
Date: —
Status: Awarded; Royal Patent 6971

Native Register To the Commissioners who Quiet Claims. Aloha to you. We hereby tell you of our land claims from Hawaii to Kauai. They are for Mikahela Kekauonohi:

... Honouliuli Ahupuaa. Kalana, Ewa. Mokupuni, Oahu1

Native Testimony ... Honouliuli Ahupuaa. District of Ewa. Island of Oahu.2

1Book 4, p. 360.

2Book 10, p. 334, Dec. 20, 1853.

Following the Mahele Aina, there was a growing movement to fence off the land areas and  control  access  to  resources  that  native  tenants  had  traditionally used. In the 1860s, foreign landowners and business interests petitioned the Crown to have the boundaries of their respective lands—which became the foundation for plantation and ranching interests—settled. In 1862, the king appointed a Commission of Boundaries, a.k.a. the Boundary Commission, and tasked them with collecting traditional knowledge of place, land boundaries, customary practices, and deciding the most equitable boundaries for each ahupua‘a that had been awarded to alii, konohiki, and foreigners during the Mahele. The commission proceedings were conducted under the courts and as formal actions under law. As the commissioners on the various islands undertook their work, the kingdom hired or contracted surveyors to begin the surveys, and in 1874, the Commissioners of Boundaries were authorized to certify the boundaries for lands brought before them.1

Records from the Ewa District were recorded from 1868 to 1904, with the proceeding from Honouliuli being held between 1873 and 1874. The records include testimonies of elder kamaaina who were either recipients of kuleana in the Mahele, or who were the direct descendants of the original fee-simple title holders. The documentation includes the preliminary requests for establishing the boundaries; letters from the surveyors in the field; excerpts from surveyor’s field books (Register Books); the record of testimonies given by native residents of the lands; and the entire record of the Commission in certifying the boundaries of each ahupuaa cited. The resulting documentation offers descriptions of the land, extending from ocean fisheries to the mountain peaks; traditional and customary practices; land use; changes in the landscape witnessed over the informants’ lifetime; and various cultural features across the land.

The native witnesses usually spoke in Hawaiian, and in some instances, their testimony was translated into English and transcribed as the proceedings occurred. Other testimonies were transcribed in Hawaiian and remained untranslated, but have now been translated for inclusion in this study. Translations of the Hawaiian-language texts below were prepared by Kepa Maly.

The Boundary Commission proceedings documented many traditional place names and features along the boundaries of the ahupuaa, with locations extending from the sea—including fishponds and fisheries—to the mountain peaks. These names demonstrate Hawaiian familiarity with the resources, topography, sites, and features of the entire ahupuaa. Coulter observed that Hawaiians had place names for all manner of feature, ranging from “outstanding cliffs” to what he described as “trivial land marks” [6:10]. History tells us that named locations were significant in past times: “Names would not have been given to [or remembered if they were] mere worthless pieces of topography” [14:412].

In ancient times, named localities signified that a variety of uses and functions occurred:

•  triangulation points such as koa (land markers for fishing grounds and specific offshore fishing localities);
•  residences;
•  areas of planting;
•  water sources;
•  trails and trail-side resting places (oioina), such as a rock shelter or tree shaded spot;
•  heiau or other features of ceremonial importance;
•  may have been the source of a particular natural resource or any number of other features; or
•  the names may record a particular event or practice (e.g., use for burials, the making of koi or adzes, or designation as a fishery) that occurred in a given area.

As in the records of the Mahele, every place name cited in the Boundary Commission proceedings has been listed in the table below. A number of the place names remain in use on maps or among some residents, while others are no longer in use. Of particular note are several place names and their associated narratives which document wahi pana on the traditional landscape.

Place names cited in Honouliuli boundary proceedings
Apokaa Kolina Nanakuli
Auiole Kualakai Panau
Ekahanui Gulch Kupalii Papapuhi (Kapapapuhi)
Hanohano Lae o Halakahi Pili o Kahe (Pili o Kahi)
Homaikaia Lae o Kahuka Pohaku Palahalaha
Hoaeae Laeloa Pookela
Kahakai Laeokane (Kalaeokane) Pouhala
Kahapapa Lihue Puu Kuua
Kalanimua Manawahua Puuloa
Kapuna Manawaielelu Waieli (Kawaieli)
Kauela (Keoneula) Mauna Kapu Waikakalaua
Kaulu (Coneyville) Miki Waimanalo
Keahi Mookapu  

1W. D. Alexander in Thrum’s Hawaiian Annual, 1891:117–118.