Pearl Harbor

Commander Charles Wilkes, United States Exploring Expedition Trip Through the ‘Ewa District, 1840–1841

In the period of 1840 to 1841, Commander Charles Wilkes of the United States Exploring Expedition toured the Hawaiian Islands [34]. During the month of July 1840, Wilkes and other members of his party toured the Kona and ‘Ewa Districts on O‘ahu. Notes compiled by Wilkes from the various exploration trips provide descriptions of the ‘Ewa-Honouliuli region.

With Lord Byron at the Sandwich Islands in 1825, “Trip to Pearl River”—Being Extracts from the Diary of James Macrae, Scottish Botanist

In 1824, Liholiho (King Kamehameha II), his wife Kamāmalu, and a group of retainers and foreign advisors traveled from Hawai‘i to England. Liholiho and his wife died in England and in May of 1825, their bodies were returned to Hawai‘i by Lord Byron. While in the islands, James Macrae, a botanist traveling with the Lord, traveled to various locations in the company of native guides, where he took observations and collected biological samples. One of Macrae’s journeys, along with Lord Byron and party, took him to Pu‘uloa, the Pearl River, where he described the scene:

Hawaii Nei 128 Years Ago (1794), Pu‘uloa—Wai Momi or Pearl Harbor Cited

In 1793–1794, Archibald Menzies visited Hawai‘i with Captain James Vancouver, during which time Menzies and crew members frequently traveled with native guides to botanize and take readings of the topography at various places in the islands. Menzies described the scenery on the land while sailing between Honolulu and Pu‘uloa (Pearl Harbor):

Vancouver Examines But Does Not Enter Honolulu Harbor